School readiness is foundation across early childhood systems and programs. It means children are ready for school, families are ready to support their children's learning, and schools are ready for children. ... Physical, cognitive, social, and emotional developments are all essential ingredients of school readiness.

Why are school readiness skills important? The development of school readiness skills allows school teachers to expand and further develop a child's skills in the specific areas of social interaction, play, language, emotional development, physical skills, literacy and fine motor skills.

· Self Regulation: The ability to obtain, maintain and change emotion, behaviour, attention and activity level appropriate for a task or situation.

· Sensory processing: Accurate processing of sensory stimulation in the environment as well as in one’s own body that influences attention and learning that effects how you sit, hold a pencil and listen to the teacher.

· Receptive language (understanding): Comprehension of spoken language (e.g. the teacher’s instructions).

· Expressive language (using language): Producing speech or language that can be understood by others (e.g. talking to friends).

· Articulation: The ability to clearly pronounce individual sounds in words.

· Executive functioning: Higher order reasoning and thinking skills (e.g.What do I need to pack to take to school?).

· Emotional development/regulation: The ability to perceive emotion, integrate emotion to facilitate thought, understand emotions and regulate emotions (for a child’s own responses to challenges).

· Social skills: Determined by the ability to engage in reciprocal interaction with others (either verbally or non-verbally), to compromise with others and to be able to recognise and follow social norms.

· Planning and sequencing: The sequential multi-step task/activity performance to achieve a well-defined result (e.g. a cut and paste task or a simple maths worksheet).

Factors determining school readiness

· Physical factors; Is your child tall or look older than others of the same age.

· Independence; Your child's ability to perform self-help skills unaided.

· Social Maturity; The way your child interacts with peers and other children.

Social/Emotional Development

A positive sense of well-being will contribute greatly to a child's school readiness (National School Readiness Indicators Initiative, 2005). Social and emotional development is fostered in reciprocal and cooperative play (e.g., turn taking, sharing, dramatic play, games with rules).

School readiness is more relevant to characteristics such as: listening and asking questions, expressing thoughts and communication with others, thinking before performing actions, possessing curious eagerness to learn, being experienced with books, knowing how to share and take turns, being able to work alone and with ...