What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Symptoms and Treatment?

It is a development of certain characterized symptoms after exposure to one or more traumatic events. It can be actual or threatened death or severe injury or any sexual violence.

PTSD individuals may have the below symptoms:

  • Exposure and Experience of a traumatic situation.

  • Recurring, Involuntary, and Intrusive distressing memories (nightmares, flashbacks, fearful thoughts and etc).

  • Psychological distress

  • Physiological reactions

  • Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with a traumatic situation.

  • Distorted cognitions

  • Negative emotional state

  • The diminished interest of activities

  • Feelings of detachment

  • Inability to experience positive emotions

  • Hypervigilance, Irritated, anxious

  • Sleep and Appetite disturbance

Summary: It can happen to anyone after experiencing a traumatic event that causes hurtful, shocked, and extremely fearful, ultimately they feel helplessness. These patients are at with increased risk of experiencing poor physical health, bodily pains, cardio, respiratory, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, immunological and also associated with substantial psychiatric comorbidity.

If it's in the case of children, bedwetting, clinging with an adult, acting out behavior in the play, isolated and inability to speak can be also observed with some of the above symptoms. It's challenging to identify in children such conditions. Hence, never neglect and approach an expert.

PTSD can disrupt an individual's life for a long period sometimes. Medication and Psychotherapy can well manage the symptoms.